Sergey Muzychenko, Deputy Minister of Construction, Housing and Public Utilities of the Russian Federation, answered Olesya Baltusova's questions in detail about possibility of having comprehensive insight of the territories development, work out a unified programmatic view of historical cities, and unified methods of work. In his opinion, it would be wrong to discuss such issues without the participation of the Ministry of Culture, but of course, it is necessary to develop rules which could be understandable and uniform for everyone.
- I think that in terms of cooperation with the Ministry of Culture, the first and most important thing in the investment and construction cycle is to make the system understandable for the investor, - Sergey Muzychenko said. - Unfortunately, there are a lot of questions regarding CHS today. There is such a concept in medicine as “to heal to death”. Thus, the first problem is the necessity to arrange so that the development of rules for preservation of objects does not lead to their loss. Today, we have already established a one-stop window in terms of combining the expertise of project documentation and the environmental expertise. The same work is now being done in terms of historical and cultural documentation, so that in the process of long coordination of work, the object would not be lost or left unattended.
The second problem, according to Sergei Muzychenko, concerns archaeological work. On the one hand, archaeological sites should not be damaged or lost during construction. But even here we need clear rules of the game, because we need to find a balance between scientists, cultural figures and developers.
Sergei Pakhomov, Chairman of the Russian State Duma Committee on Construction, Housing and Public Utilities, expressed the opinion that it is impossible to regulate the visual environment of the historical center of the city by a single legislative act. The legislator can only be given the instruments of local regulation.
- If the responsible official in charge of the development of the territory loves it himself and clearly understands the essence of the object under construction, then it will be the beginning of everything. Talking of it, Kazan is an example when caring people, even in the existing legal field, do what their job. Of course, we have a set of problems in this part. And first of all, we need to talk about architecture, about urban planning. We need to update the current law, because it does not reflect our needs. The Law on Architecture is still at the start. Therefore, the issues to be discussed today at the sessions and at working meetings are very important.
According to the Member of Parliament, the future lies with legislative changes in the construction procedure, when the developer sticks to the city development plan. Historical territories cannot be considered beyond the context of the city development. Urban development planning should be several steps ahead of the approval of a specific building site. The city must clearly understand and visualize the direction of its development.
The State Duma of the Russian Federation, as Sergei Pakhomov said, is now working on simplifying the process of approvals in construction, on accelerating the entire line of documentation processing; it is looking for a balance between construction, archaeological, historical and cultural expertise; settles the problem with building private individual houses, the appearance of which in the historical center is difficult to regulate; and finalizes part of the legislation concerning the integrated development of territories.
- Together with our colleagues from the CHO, we will start adjusting the basic parts of the legislation, - the Member of the Parliament promised.